A. Fiveyskaya

Linguistics Institute, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

E‑mail: nastiafiva@gmail.com

A. Guria

Institute of African and Asian studies, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

E‑mail: agguria@gmail.com

Reworking of a Pre‑Literary Plot in the Literary Jātaka: the Case of Haribhaṭṭa's Hastī‑Jātaka

Abstract. The article focuses on the comparison of a literary Sanskrit jataka with its possible Pali prototype. Haribhatta, who wrote another Jatakamala one or two centuries after Arya Sura, is generally believed to be Kalidasa's contemporary. Our research is devoted mainly to the approaches of a Sanskrit kavya poet handling a preliterary source story. We studied Haribhatta's tale of the elephant Bodhisattva (partly based on Pali jataka 514, Chaddantajataka), focusing on his reworking of the plot and on the comparison of style of the two texts. The plot reworking was analyzed within the framework of narratology, revealing a deliberate artistic composition in the later Sanskrit text. The style of the Jatakamala bears semblance to Kalidasa's poetry, as well as to some other court Sanskrit literature works.

Keywords: Pali, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali canon, jataka, Bodhisattva, elephant, Chaddantajataka, Jatakamala, Arya Sura, Haribhatta, Michael Hahn, Kalidasa, kavya, plot reworking, narratology, historical poetics

Acknowledgments. We are heartily grateful to Dr. Yulia Markovna Alikhanova for valuable remarks and advice. We would also like to thank late Dr. Alexander Mikhailovich Dubyanskiy for viewing the manuscript and for encouragement and support we will always appreciate.

 DOI: 10.31250/1238-5018-2022-28-1-12-22

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Received by the Editorial Board: 17.04.2021

 


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