St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
Institute of Polish Language (Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow), Krakow, Poland
Problem of the Authorship of the ‘Ishq‑name (“The Book of Love”) Poem Attributed to Sana’i from the Regard of Academic Oriental Studies and Modern Computer Technologies
Abstract. One of the greatest Persian Sufi poets of the 12th century Sana’i (d. 535/1140 or 545/1150) is founder of the Sufi didactical mathnawi poem in Iran. His works exerted enormous influence upon many posterior authors in the Persian Sufi and secular poetry. But the problem of the authorship of Sana’i in regard to the short poems has been debated among the scientists during 20th century and right up to the nowadays. The paper covers the history of studying of the short poems attributed to Sana’i , special attention is devoted to ‘Ishq‑name (“The Book of Love”), one of the main Sufi writing in the Persian literature on the subject of Mystical Love. For the definition of the authorship of this poem the paper proposes the using of the latest computational methods in particular digital stylometry. The paper tries to answer the question, who is the author of ‘Ishq‑name poem: Sana’i or the Sufi shaykh and author of the 14th century ‘Izz al‑Din Mahmud Kashani (d. 735/1334–35).
Keywords: Mystical love, Iranian Sufism, Sufi literature, Persian medieval literature, Persian writings on the subject of Mystical Love, stylometry, the using of computer technology in the definition of the authorship of oriental texts, Sana’i
Acknowledgments. The work was supported by RFBR grant No. 20‑012‑00187 “Attribution of the Medieval Persian and Afghan Poetry Texts via the Methods of Digital Stylometry”.
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Received by the Editorial Board: 13.08.2021