A. Kudriavtceva

MAE (Kunstkamera), RAS, St. Petersburg, Russia

E‑mail: kudriavtsevaa@mail.ru

“And it is God who has Appointed a Place of Rest for You of Your Houses, and He Has Appointed for You of the Skins of the Cattle Houses You Find Light on the Day that you Journey, and on the Day you Abide

Abstract. Dwelling has been a most important part of the material tangible culture throughout the history of humanity. The variety of dwelling features and types is closely linked to the varied economic activity of the peoples living in certain ecological environments. The need for protection and comfort has always required maximum use of available means and technical solutions to organize and improve one's living space. Traditional dwellings acquired and preserved a symbolic role in providing a link to previous generations; it was associated with religious and legal practices and was endowed with properties that went far beyond utilitarian necessity. Researching the traditional types of dwelling in Arabia at the turn of the 6th — 7th centuries is an essential part of the Qur’anic ethnography. A lexical‑semantics analysis of the Qur’anic text allows to identify and classify the various types of dwelling constructions. The present paper aims to analyze the Qur’anic terms for stationary, temporary and movable dwellings. As for the latter, there is a peculiar type of tents made of animal skin that stands out, and there is no special term to identify them.

 Keywords: everyday life of Arabia in the times of prophet Muhammad, the Qur’anic ethnography, the language of the Qur’an, the terminology of the Qur’an, traditional types of dwellings, red leather tents, pre‑Islamic poetry

 Acknowledgment. The article was prepared as part of the research under the RFBR grant No. 18‑09‑00100 “The Qur’anic Ethnography 1. Material Culture of the Qur’an”.

 DOI: 10.31250/1238-5018-2019-25-2-9-18


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 Received by the Editorial Board: 07.06.2019


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