Vol. 16 No. 1 June 2010
THE SHAH NAME AND BRITISH PROPAGANDA IN IRAN IN WORLD WAR II
As part of the effort to persuade Iranians to take the Allied side, the psychological warfare office in London turned to Dr. (later Professor) Arthur Arberry of Cambridge University, with a view to designing propaganda posters. Arberry, in turn, sought the advice of Mojtaba Minovi, who was at the time working for the BBC Persian service and editing a pro Allied newspaper Ruzgar e Naw. Minovi persuaded the authorities that, rather than the usual flamboyant “victory” posters, it would be more persuasive to use an adaptation of the Shah name.
Keywords: Shah name, British propaganda, Arthur Arberry, Mojtaba Minovi, propaganda posters
AL SIRA AL NABAWIYYA BY IBN ISHAQ — IBN HISHAM: THE HISTORY OF THE TEXTS AND THE PROBLEM OF AUTHORSHIP
This article draws attention to the problem of authorship of the earliest and most famous of the extant texts composed in the medieval Arabic genre (al Sira al nabawiyya). For a long time the text has been known as Sirat of Ibn Hisham , and it is commonly associated with the name of Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al Malik b. Hisham — whose name usually appears on the title pages of many modern editions.
Keywords: al Sira al Nabawiyya, Sirat of Ibn Hisham , Ibn Ishaq, problem of authorship
CATALOGUE OF MANUSCRIPTS AND OLD PRINTED BOOKS IN ARABIC, PERSIAN AND TURKIC LANGUAGES FROM KABARDINO-BALKARIA
As a result of the historic-ethnographic expedition led by I. L. Babich (Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, Moscow) in Kabardino-Balkaria in July 2002, small but valuable collections of archive material in Arabic, Old Ottoman and Persian were gathered. This article is the first attempt at cataloguing Muslim old printed books and manuscripts from the Northwest Caucasus. Description of 51 manuscripts and old printed books of the 18th – early 20th centuries, presented in the article, gives an indication of their role in the cultural life of pre-revolutionary Kabardino-Balkaria.
Keywords: manuscript, old printed book, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northwest Caucasus, Arabic, Old Ottoman, Persian, Turkic, Kupov Collection, archive material
A BRIEF NOTE ON KHOTANESE FRAGMENT SI M/38 IN THE ST. PETERSBURG COLLECTION
The article concerns identification of a Khotanese fragment in the Saint Petersburg Мalov Collection. This fragment is considered as a part of the Buddhist text Bodhisattvagocaropay avisayavikurvananirdesa, for which there are two extant Chinese translations and one Tibetan translation. The author of the article compares the Khotanese fragment with the section of interest in the Chinese version for the sake of better understanding the scale of Khotanese Buddhist literature as well as the connection between Khotanese Buddhist literature and Chinese Buddhist literature.
Keywords: Khotanese, Chinese, Buddhist literature, Saint Petersburg collection
THE BERLINER PHONOGRAMM-ARCHIV IN LENINGRAD IN 1948—1958
The article is dedicated to the history of the Berliner Phonogram-Archiv with sound-recordings of folklore from all continents, which was present in Leningrad from 1945 to 1958, in the Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. The author concerns the creation of the Berliner Phonogram-Archiv in 1906 in the Institute of Psychology under the Berlin University and the circumstances of its appearance in the Soviet Union. A particular attention is paid on the difficulties with a place for keeping the German phonorecordings in Leningrad until they were returned to Berlin.
Keywords: Berliner Phonogram-Archiv, sound-recording, Leningrad, Berlin
Dr. Vladimir O. Bobrovnikov - Head of the Department of the Caucasus studies at the Moscow Institute for Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, specialist in modem history and ethnology of Muslim communities in Mountain Daghistan, author of series of works in the field. His research focuses on interaction of law, power and Orientalist scholarship in (post-)Soviet and ex-colonial areas (North Caucasus, Maghrib).
Prof. Dr. Huaiyu Chen - an assistant professor of religious studies at Arizona State University, Tempe. He earned his Ph.D. in religious studies from Princeton in 2005. His research focus centres on the religions of the Silk Road, especially the interactions between Nestorianism and Buddhism in medieval period. He has published several articles dealing with Nestorian and Buddhist manuscripts uncovered from Dunhuang and Central Asia. He studied the Princeton collection of Dunhuang manuscripts and is publishing the most up-to-date scholarly catalogue of the collection in East Asian Library Journal (2010).
Prof. Dr. Alexander B. Kudelin - Full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the World Literature Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, specialist in the history of the Arabic literature, author of the series of monographs in the field.
Dr. Alexander I. Teriukov - Head of the Department of Eastern Slavs and Peoples of European Russia of the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography Russian Academy of Sciences, specialist in ethnology and museology, author of the series of works in the field.
Prof. Antony Wynn - studied Persian and Turkish at Oxford and spent a number of years in pre-revolutionary Iran as the representative of a British oriental carpet company. He is now the chairman of The Iran Society of London, a cultural organisation promoting knowledge of Iranian culture and history. Author of Persia in the Great Game and Three Camels to Smyrna.
Manuscripta Orientalia. International Journal for Oriental Manuscript Research.